Salamanca has always been related to the universal literature. Not only has it been the setting of endless literary scenes, but also the birthplace of famous writers. We cannot forget that Salamanca is the city where Calisto and Melibea fell in love, the main characters of one of the most representative works of Fernando de Rojas, La Celestina.
Salamanca is also the city where Unamuno lived during a large part of his life and the city where the main character of Lazarillo de Tormes was born. It is the city where Fray Luis de León worked as a teacher… Salamanca is a literary city whose bonds with literature are reflected in many corners of its streets and squares.
A good way to discover the literary history of this city is to make a tour around the spots of Salamanca where universal literature has left a mark. We recommend you some stops during this tour.
The tour starts in the Huerto de Calisto y Melibea, a small Renaissance garden with Arab touches designed to recover the romanticism of La Celestina, whose story takes place in Salamanca. The garden is located on the city wall, where we find a statue of La Celestina.
The next stop of this literary tour is the museum house of Miguel de Unamuno, located in the old rectory on Libreros Street 25, where the writer lived for some years. On Bordadores Street we also find a cafeteria Unamuno used to frequent, called Niebla in honour of his most representative work.
At the entrance of the Roman bridge of the city we find a sculpture of a scene of Lazarillo de Tormes, whose protagonist was born in Salamanca, where the first part of the story takes place.
The university of Salamanca has always been tied to literature. In fact, Fernando Rojas was a student at this centre, as Fray Luis de Leon, who also worked as a teacher in its classrooms and of whom we find a statue in front of the old facade of the university.
This literary route includes a must-visit to the Cave of Salamanca, where it is said the demon taught dark arts to university students. According to the legend, the demon taught the students during 7 years, after which one of them became his servant. This cave, which was the sacristy of the old church of San Cebrián, has been named by different authors in their works.
In the Bandos square we also find a statue of Carmen Martín Gaite, one of the most important writers of her generation, who was born and lived in Salamanca, together with many other writers who are bound, one way or another, to this beautiful city which smells literature.